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Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) brings it’s own protocol and focuses on exposing items of application logic (not data) as services. SOAP exposes operations. SOAP is concentrated on accessing named operations, every implement some business logic through totally different interfaces.

Representational State Transfer (REST) is sweet spot is when you are exposing a public API over the internet to handle CRUD operations on data. REST is focused on accessing named resources through a single consistent interface.

SOAP vs REST – Difference between SOAP and REST Web Services


1.SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol.REST stands for Representational State Transfer.
2.SOAP is a protocol. It defines some standards that should be followed strictly.REST is an architectural style. It doesn’t define so many standards like SOAP.
3.SOAP is highly secure as it defines its own security.REST inherits security measures from the underlying transport.
4.SOAP message request is processed slower as compared to REST.REST message request is processed faster as compared to SOAP.
5.SOAP supports only XML data format.REST supports data formats like plain text, XML, HTML, JSON, etc.
6.SOAP is not very easy to implement so it is preferred less.REST is easier to implement so it is preferred more.
7.SOAP requires more bandwidth and resources.REST requires less bandwidth and resources.
8.In java SOAP web services are implemented using JAX-WS API.In java RESTful web services are implemented using JAX-RS API.
9.It does not use web caching mechanism.It uses web caching mechanism.
10.SOAP is commonly used in payment gateways, financial and telecommunication services.REST is commonly used in social media, web chat and mobile services.
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